Starting with the 12.10 release, the stock ath5k driver is included in Ubuntu by default. So if you are using this driver, you will need to add the madwifi-ng (or ath5k) driver as a module. This can be done with the following commands:
This should give you the ath9k driver, which is more stable and supports WPA2-PSK networks. However, you will need to do this every time the kernel update. Once you are done installing, you will have to restart the computer.
This should make the wireless card work and you should be able to connect to WEP/WPA networks. However, for WPA-PSK networks, you will need to upgrade to the ath9k driver, which is included in the backports repository and can be installed with this command:
You will need the following packages to run madwifi-ng:
wpasupplicant 2.0 or newer
kmod-madwifi or a module supporting the zd1211 or zd1211b chipset
ath5k or ath9k
ath module (unavailable from 2.4.0)
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